Biphasis isophane insulin (Miztard)


  • Is absorbed slowly, has a minimal peak effect, and a stable plateau effect that lasts most of the day
  • Is used to control the blood sugar overnight, while fasting and between meals

Side effect of insulin:

  • initial weight gain as the cells start to take in glucose.
  • blood sugar that drops too low, or hypoglycemia.
  • rashes, bumps, or swelling at an injection site.
  • anxiety or depression.
  • a cough when taking inhaled insulin.


Insulin syringes: Most common insulin delivery method. The insulin is injected into the layer of fat just under the skin.

Insulin Pen: it has a cartridge holding insulin with replacement needle to puncture the skin and deliver insulin

Insulin Pump: computerized devise, programmed to deliver insulin under skin.