What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition in which your body produces little to No insulin for our body to use as energy.

Different types of Diabetes?

Type 1
Type 1 diabetes also known as insulin-dependent diabetes is caused by destruction of pancreatic beta-cells usually by autoimmune mechanism, and therefore, patients require life-long insulin treatment. This is common in young patients but can also be present in older patients. They have lean bodies and are prone to Diabetes ketoacidosis.



Type 2
Type 2 diabetes is the commonest type seen in Fiji and worldwide. The onset is usually later in life but recent epidemiologic studies show that there is increasing trend in younger patients.




Gestational Diabetes
Gestational Diabetes develops in some women during their pregnancy. It usually clears off after pregnancy. However, if you have gestational diabetes, you’re at higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later on in life.

How can I control my blood Glucose?

Increase your Low or No carbohydrates vegetables. Have 2 servings of fruits per day. Have moderate intake of fish, lean meat eg. Poultry.



How does alcohol consumption affect my insulin intake/ Diabetes?

There is a risk of severe hypoglycemia if excessive alcohol is consumed. Avoid alcoholic drinks but if you are drinking then have no more than two standard drinks for males and and 1 standard drink for female





What are the symptoms of low blood sugar?

Symptoms of Low Blood Sugar includes:

  1. Sweating,
  2. Tremor
  3. Hunger
  4. Mental Confusion
  5. Coma
  6. Seizure